Lhommel, R., Goffette, P., Van den Eynde, M. et al. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging (2009) 36: 1696. doi:10.1007/s00259-009-1210-1
The decay of 90Y has a minor branch to the 0+ excited state , followed by an internal e+e− creation which happens in 32 out of one million decays . Consequently, 90Y PET scan was proposed in order to assess the biodistribution  of 90Y-labelled therapeutic agents. A 61-year-old woman was referred for treatment of chemorefractory colorectal liver metastasis. Based on the pretreatment evaluation (including a diagnostic FDG PET/CT scan on day 1, and a prophylactic embolization of the right gastric and gastroduodenal arteries followed by a 99mTc-MAA SPECT/CT scan on day 8), 1.3 GBq of 90Y-labelled SIR-Spheres were administered by sequential catheterization of both liver lobes (day 15). Subsequently, a 30-min 90Y TOF PET/CT scan was performed using a Philips GEMINI TF camera. In order to prevent saturation of the detectors, a copper ring of 2.5 mm thickness was inserted into the gantry to absorb the bremsstrahlung x-rays. The TOF data were reconstructed with attenuation and scatter correction using Philips RAMLA software (eight iterations, three subsets). An additional 20 min bremsstrahlung 90Y-SPECT was acquired using a Trionix XLT20 triple head camera (medium energy collimator, 30% window centred on 90 keV). Data were reconstructed using OSEM (four iterations, six subsets). As illustrated, despite the differences in their respective uptake mechanism, 90Y-PET better reflects the tumour heterogeneity assessed by FDG PET/CT (a necrotic core surrounded by active tumour margins) than traditional bremsstrahlung 90Y-SPECT. This gain in resolution should therefore contribute to increasing the accuracy of the dose distribution into the tumours and their surrounding healthy tissues.