, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 389-395,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 18 Oct 2008

Reproducibility of quantitative 18F-3′-deoxy-3′-fluorothymidine measurements using positron emission tomography

Abstract

Purpose

Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18F-3′-deoxy-3′-fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT) allows noninvasive monitoring of tumour proliferation. For serial imaging in individual patients, good reproducibility is essential. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the reproducibility of quantitative [18F]FLT measurements.

Methods

Nine patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and six with head-and-neck cancer (HNC) underwent [18F]FLT PET twice within 7 days prior to therapy. The maximum pixel value (SUVmax) and a threshold defined volume (SUV41%) were defined for all delineated lesions. The plasma to tumour transfer constant (Ki) was estimated using both Patlak graphical analysis and nonlinear regression (NLR). NLR was also used to estimate k3, which, at least in theory, selectively reflects thymidine kinase 1 activity. The level of agreement between test and retest values was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman analysis.

Results

All primary tumours and >90% of clinically suspected locoregional metastases could be delineated. In total, 24 lesions were defined. NLR-derived Ki, Patlak-derived Ki, SUV41% and SUVmax showed excellent reproducibility with ICCs of 0.92, 0.95, 0.98 and 0.93, and SDs of 16%, 12%, 7% and 11%, respectively. Reproducibility was poor for k3 with an ICC of 0.43 and SD of 38%.

Conclusion

Quantitative [18F]FLT measurements are reproducible in both NSCLC and HNC patients. When monitoring response in individual patients, changes of more than 15% in SUV41%, 20–25% in SUVmax and Patlak-derived Ki, and 32% in NLR3k-derived Ki are likely to represent treatment effects.