Skeletal Radiology

, 40:1623

Proliferative myositis: expanding the differential diagnosis of a soft tissue mass in infancy

Case Report

DOI: 10.1007/s00256-011-1274-4

Cite this article as:
Talbert, R.J., Laor, T. & Yin, H. Skeletal Radiol (2011) 40: 1623. doi:10.1007/s00256-011-1274-4


Proliferative myositis, a pseudosarcomatous lesion of skeletal muscle, is quite rare in the pediatric population. While benign, it is not always recognized as such, and may be treated with an extensive resection that can result in permanent disfigurement. We report a case of an infant with the diagnosis of proliferative myositis, who to our knowledge is the youngest patient to be evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Although the MRI findings are non-specific, we highlight the importance of considering proliferative myositis in the differential diagnosis of a soft tissue mass, which ultimately might prevent an overly aggressive resection in a child.


InfantMagnetic resonance imagingExtremityProliferative myositisPseudotumor

Copyright information

© ISS 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric OrthopaedicsCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Division of PathologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA