Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 303–307

Grading the severity of soft tissue changes associated with metal-on-metal hip replacements: reliability of an MR grading system

  • Helen Anderson
  • Andoni Paul Toms
  • John G. Cahir
  • Richard W. Goodwin
  • James Wimhurst
  • John F. Nolan
Scientific Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00256-010-1000-7

Cite this article as:
Anderson, H., Toms, A.P., Cahir, J.G. et al. Skeletal Radiol (2011) 40: 303. doi:10.1007/s00256-010-1000-7

Abstract

Introduction

Metal-on-metal (MoM) soft tissue reactions or aseptic lymphocytic vasculitis-associated lesions (ALVAL) are being recognised using metal artefact reduction (MAR) MR with increasing frequency following the advent of second generation metal-on-metal bearings, but there is no standardised technique for reporting of MR appearances in this disease. The aim of this study was to measure the reliability of a grading system designed for scoring the severity of MoM disease on MRI.

Materials and methods

MRI examinations of 73 hips in 59 patients were retrospectively selected and then anonymised, randomised and reviewed by three independent observers (musculoskeletal radiologists). Each MR examination was scored as either A: normal, B: infection, C1: mild MoM disease, C2: moderate MoM disease or C3: severe MoM disease according to pre-defined criteria. Kappa correlation statistics were used to compare the observations.

Results

There was substantial agreement among all three observers; the correlation coefficient between the two most experienced observers was κ = 0.78 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.68–0.88] and when compared with the least experienced observer coefficients were κ = 0.69 (95% CI: 0.57–0.80) and κ = 0.66 (95% CI: 0.54–0.78). The strongest correlation occurred for grades A, C2 and C3. The weakest correlations occurred for grades B and C1.

Conclusion

The grading system described in this study is reliable for evaluating ALVAL in MoM prostheses using MR but is limited in differentiating mild disease from infection.

Keywords

MRHipArthroplastyGradeReliability

Copyright information

© ISS 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Anderson
    • 1
  • Andoni Paul Toms
    • 1
    • 3
  • John G. Cahir
    • 1
  • Richard W. Goodwin
    • 1
  • James Wimhurst
    • 2
  • John F. Nolan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNorfolk and Norwich University HospitalNorwichUK
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsNorfolk and Norwich University HospitalNorwichUK
  3. 3.Norwich Radiology AcademyNorwichUK