Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 589–596

The sequencing batch reactor as a powerful tool for the study of slowly growing anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing microorganisms

  • M. Strous
  • J. J. Heijnen
  • J. G. Kuenen
  • M. S. M. Jetten
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s002530051340

Cite this article as:
Strous, M., Heijnen, J., Kuenen, J. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (1998) 50: 589. doi:10.1007/s002530051340

Abstract

Currently available microbiological techniques are not designed to deal with very slowly growing microorganisms. The enrichment and study of such organisms demands a novel experimental approach. In the present investigation, the sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was applied and optimized for the enrichment and quantitative study of a very slowly growing microbial community which oxidizes ammonium anaerobically. The SBR was shown to be a powerful experimental set-up with the following strong points: (1) efficient biomass retention, (2) a homogeneous distribution of substrates, products and biomass aggregates over the reactor, (3) reliable operation for more than 1 year, and (4) stable conditions under substrate-limiting conditions. Together, these points made possible for the first time the determination of several important physiological parameters such as the biomass yield (0.066 ± 0.01 C-mol/mol ammonium), the maximum specific ammonium consumption rate (45 ± 5 nmol/mg protein/min) and the maximum specific growth rate (0.0027 · h−1, doubling time 11 days). In addition, the persisting stable and strongly selective conditions of the SBR led to a high degree of enrichment (74% of the desired microorganism). This study has demonstrated that the SBR is a powerful tool compared to other techniques used in the past. We suggest that the SBR could be used for the enrichment and quantitative study of a large number of slowly growing microorganisms that are currently out of reach for microbiological research.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Strous
    • 1
  • J. J. Heijnen
    • 1
  • J. G. Kuenen
    • 1
  • M. S. M. Jetten
    • 1
  1. 1.Kluyver Laboratory for Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, The Netherlands Tel.: +31-15-2781193 Fax: +31-15-2782355 e-mail: M. Jetten@STM.TUDelft.NLNL