Kinetic analysis of growth and xanthan gum production with Xanthomonas campestris on sucrose, using sequentially consumed nitrogen sources
- Cite this article as:
- Letisse, F., Chevallereau, P., Simon, JL. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2001) 55: 417. doi:10.1007/s002530000580
A batch fermentation strategy using Xanthomonas campestris ATCC 13951 for xanthan gum production has been established in which all essential medium components are supplied at the onset. This has been achieved using sucrose as sole sugar feedstock. Sequential consumption of nitrogen sources (soybean hydrolysates, ammonium and nitrate salts) was observed to facilitate the further optimisation of the medium. Biomass accumulation was limited by phosphate availability. Xanthan yields of more than 60% (grams of xanthan per gram of sugar) have been obtained with constant acetyl content. However, pyruvyl substitution decreased as the growth rate declined, due to the metabolic constraints specific to phosphate depletion. High rates of carbon conversion into xanthan were observed throughout the culture and the ATP/ADP ratio was not affected by the decline in the specific growth rate.