Molecular design of yeast cell surface for adsorption and recovery of molybdenum, one of rare metals
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- Nishitani, T., Shimada, M., Kuroda, K. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2010) 86: 641. doi:10.1007/s00253-009-2304-1
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In modern industrial society, molybdenum is one of the important metals for development of the industry of rare metals. It is important to recycle the rare metals from wastes because they are technically and economically difficult to be dug and be purified, and they exist in only a few regions in the world. In this study, ModE protein derived from Escherichia coli, which is a molybdate-dependent transcriptional regulator with the ability to bind molybdate as a form of soluble molybdenum, was displayed on the yeast cell surface by α-agglutinin-based cell surface display system for the adsorption and recovery of molybdate. Displayed ModE, confirmed by immunofluorescence labeling, caught molybdate more preferably at pH 3.0 than at basic pH. Yeast cells displaying C-terminal domain of ModE, which lacks N-terminal DNA binding domain, more effectively adsorbed molybdate than those displaying full-length ModE, suggesting that the deletion of the domain unrelated to metal binding enhanced the binding ability. Our results indicated that the adsorption system on cell surface of yeast cells displaying ModE is effective not only for adsorption of molybdate as a rare metal bioadsorbent but also for the easy recovery of molybdate located on the cell surface.