, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 449-454
Date: 10 Jan 2008

Production of d-lactic acid by Corynebacterium glutamicum under oxygen deprivation

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In mineral salts medium under oxygen deprivation, Corynebacterium glutamicum exhibits high productivity of l-lactic acid accompanied with succinic and acetic acids. In taking advantage of this elevated productivity, C. glutamicum was genetically modified to produce d-lactic acid. The modification involved expression of fermentative d-lactate dehydrogenase (d-LDH)-encoding genes from Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus delbrueckii in l-lactate dehydrogenase (l-LDH)-encoding ldhA-null C. glutamicum mutants to yield strains C. glutamicum ΔldhA/pCRB201 and C. glutamicum ΔldhA/pCRB204, respectively. The productivity of C. glutamicum ΔldhA/pCRB204 was fivefold higher than that of C. glutamicum ΔldhA/pCRB201. By using C. glutamicum ΔldhA/pCRB204 cells packed to a high density in mineral salts medium, up to 1,336 mM (120 g l−1) of d-lactic acid of greater than 99.9% optical purity was produced within 30 h.