Enzyme activities in activated sludge flocs
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- Yu, GH., He, PJ., Shao, LM. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2007) 77: 605. doi:10.1007/s00253-007-1204-5
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This study quantified the activities of enzymes in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and in pellets. Seven commonly adopted extraction schemes were utilized to extract from aerobic flocs the contained EPS, which were further categorized into loosely bound (LB) and tightly bound (TB) fractions. Ultrasonication effectively extracted the EPS from sludge flocs. Enzyme assay tests showed that the protease activity was localized mainly on the pellets, α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities were largely bound with LB-EPS, and few protease, α-amylase, or α-glucosidase activities were associated with the TB-EPS fraction. There exists no correlation between the biochemical compositions of EPS and the distribution of enzyme activities in the sludge matrix. The 44–65% of α-amylase and 59–100% of α-glucosidase activities noted with the LB-EPS indicate heterogeneous hydrolysis patterns in the sludge flocs with proteins and carbohydrates.