Effect of culture temperature on follicle-stimulating hormone production by Chinese hamster ovary cells in a perfusion bioreactor
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Yoon, S.K., Ahn, YH. & Jeong, M.H. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2007) 76: 83. doi:10.1007/s00253-007-0985-x
- 208 Downloads
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) was produced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using a perfusion bioreactor. Perfusion culture at 37°C yielded a high cell density but a low FSH production. To investigate the effect of culture temperature in the range of 26–37°C on cell growth and FSH production, batch cultures were performed. Lowering culture temperature below 32°C resulted in growth suppression. However, specific productivity of FSH, qFSH, increased as culture temperature decreased, and the maximum qFSH of 43.4 ng/106 cells/h was obtained at 28°C, which is 13-fold higher than that at 37°C. Based on the results obtained from batch cultures, we performed perfusion cultures with two consecutive temperatures. CHO cells were grown up to 3.2 × 107 cells/ml at 37°C and culture temperature shifted down to 28°C to obtain a high FSH titer. Soon after the maximum FSH titer of 21 μg/ml was achieved, a rapid loss of not only viable cell concentration but also cell viability was observed, probably due to the low activities of enzymes related to cell growth. Thus, the extension of production period at 28°C is critical for the enhancement of FSH production, and the use of antiapoptotic genes seems to be promising.