, Volume 75, Issue 5, pp 999-1005

Unique butyric acid incorporation patterns for salinosporamides A and B reveal distinct biosynthetic origins

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Feeding sodium butyrate (0.25–1 mg/ml) to cultures of Salinispora tropica NPS21184 enhanced the production of salinosporamide B (NPI-0047) by 319% while inhibiting the production of salinosporamide A (NPI-0052) by 26%. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of the crude extract from the strain NPS21184 fed with 0.5 mg/ml sodium [U-13C4]butyrate indicated that butyrate was incorporated as a contiguous four-carbon unit into NPI-0047 but not into NPI-0052. Nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of NPI-0047 and NPI-0052 purified from the sodium [U-13C4]butyrate-supplemented culture extract confirmed this incorporation pattern. The above finding is the first direct evidence to demonstrate that the biosynthesis of NPI-0047 is different from NPI-0052, and NPI-0047 is not a precursor of NPI-0052.