Hybridoma Ped-2E9 cells cultured under modified conditions can sensitively detect Listeria monocytogenes and Bacillus cereus
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- Banerjee, P., Morgan, M.T., Rickus, J.L. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2007) 73: 1423. doi:10.1007/s00253-006-0622-0
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Lymphocyte origin hybridoma Ped-2E9 cell-based cytotoxicity assay can detect virulent Listeria or Bacillus species, and its application in a cell-based biosensor for onsite use would be very attractive. However, maintaining enough viable cells on a sensor platform for a prolonged duration is a challenging task. In this study, key factors affecting the survival and growth of Ped-2E9 cells under modified conditions were investigated. When the Ped-2E9 cells were grown in media containing 5% fetal bovine serum in sealed tubes without any replenishment of nutrients or exogenous CO2 supply, a large portion of the cells remained viable for 6 to 7 days and cells entered into G0/G1 resting phase. The media pH change was negligible and no cell death was observed in the first 4 days, then cells sequentially underwent apoptotic (fourth day onward) phase until day 7 after which a majority was dead. Subsequent cytotoxicity testing of 3- to 7-day stored Ped-2E9 cells sensitively detected virulent Listeria and Bacillus species. These data strongly suggest that Ped-2E9 cells can be maintained in viable state for 6 days in a sealed tube mimicking the environment in a potential sensor device for onsite use without the need for expensive cell culture facilities.