, Volume 73, Issue 5, pp 1017-1024
Date: 08 Sep 2006

Fermentation of 1,3-propanediol by a lactate deficient mutant of Klebsiella oxytoca under microaerobic conditions

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Abstract

Klebsiella oxytoca M5al is an excellent 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) producer, but too much lactic acid yielded greatly lessened the fermentation efficiency for 1,3-PD. To counteract the disadvantage, four lactate deficient mutants were obtained by knocking out the ldhA gene of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) of K. oxytoca M5al. The LDH activities of the four mutants were from 3.85 to 6.92% of the parental strain. The fed-batch fermentation of 1,3-PD by mutant LDH3, whose LDH activity is the lowest, was studied. The results showed that higher 1,3-PD concentration, productivity, and molar conversion rate from glycerol to 1,3-PD can be gained than those of the wild type strain and no lactic acid is produced under both anaerobic and microaerobic conditions. Sucrose fed during the fermentation increased the conversion and sucrose added at the beginning increased the productivity. In fed-batch fermentation with sucrose as cosubstrate under microaerobic conditions, the 1,3-PD concentration, conversion, and productivity were improved significantly to 83.56 g l−1, 0.62 mol mol−1, and 1.61 g l−1 h−1, respectively. Furthermore, 60.11 g l−1 2,3-butanediol was also formed as major byproduct in the broth.