Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 16–27

3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde: applications and perspectives of biotechnological production


DOI: 10.1007/s00253-003-1497-y

Cite this article as:
Vollenweider, S. & Lacroix, C. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2004) 64: 16. doi:10.1007/s00253-003-1497-y


3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) forms, together with HPA-hydrate and HPA-dimer, a dynamic, multi-component system (HPA system) used in food preservation, as a precursor for many modern chemicals such as acrolein, acrylic acid, and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), and for polymer production. 3-HPA can be obtained both through traditional chemistry and bacterial fermentation. To date, 3-HPA has been produced from petrochemical resources as an intermediate in 1,3-PDO production. In vivo, glycerol is converted in one enzymatic step into 3-HPA. The 3-HPA-producing Lactobacillus reuteri is used as a probiotic in the health care of humans and animals. The biotechnological production of 3-HPA from renewable resources is desirable both for use of 3-HPA in foods and for the production of bulk chemicals. The main challenge will be the efficient production and recovery of pure 3-HPA.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Food Biotechnology, Institute of Food Science and NutritionSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZurichSwitzerland