, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 182-186
Date: 31 Jul 2003

Bioadsorption of cadmium ion by cell surface-engineered yeasts displaying metallothionein and hexa-His

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The Cd2+-chelating abilities of yeast metallothionein (YMT) and hexa-His displayed on the yeast-cell surface were compared. Display of YMT and hexa-His by α-agglutinin-based cell-surface engineering was confirmed by immunofluorescent labeling. Surface-engineered yeast cells with YMT and hexa-His fused in tandem showed superior cell-surface adsorption and recovery of Cd2+ under EDTA treatment on the cell surface than hexa-His-displaying cells. YMT was demonstrated to be more effective than hexa-His for the adsorption of Cd2+. Yeast cells displaying YMT and/or hexa-His exhibited a higher potential for the adsorption of Cd2+ than Escherichia coli cells displaying these molecules. In order to investigate the effect of the displayed YMT and hexa-His on sensitivity to toxic Cd2+, growth in Cd2+-containing liquid medium was monitored. Unlike hexa-His-displaying cells, cells displaying YMT and hexa-His fused in tandem induced resistance to Cd2+ through active and enhanced adsorption of toxic Cd2+. These results indicate that YMT-displaying yeast cells are a unique bioadsorbent with a functional chelating ability superior to that of E. coli.