HLA-G and IL-10 in serum in relation to HLA-G genotype and polymorphisms
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- Hviid, T.V.F., Rizzo, R., Christiansen, O.B. et al. Immunogenetics (2004) 56: 135. doi:10.1007/s00251-004-0673-2
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The expression and importance of the non-classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib gene, HLA-G, at the feto-maternal interface have been recognized. The HLA-G molecule is almost monomorphic and expressed in both membrane-bound and soluble isoforms. It has been shown to inhibit NK-mediated cell lysis and influence cytokine expression. Recently, a possible boarder immunoregulatory function of HLA-G also in adult life has been recognized. HLA-G gene polymorphism has been linked to differences in gene expression profile of alternatively spliced HLA-G transcripts and levels of specific HLA-G mRNA isoforms. On this background it is of general interest to further elucidate any associations between HLA-G polymorphism and protein expression. We have HLA-G genotyped 85 individuals attending IVF treatment, and further studied sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in serum samples. In 21% of the serum samples sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 could be detected. There was no correlation between sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 and IL-10 concentrations in serum. Soluble HLA-G1/HLA-G5 was not detected in any samples homozygous for a 14-bp insertion polymorphism in exon 8 of the 3′-untranslated region (3′UTR) of the HLA-G gene (P=0.03; Fisher’s exact test). Polymorphisms in the 5′-upstream regulatory region (5′URR) of the HLA-G gene were also studied. In conclusion, this study indicates that polymorphisms in the 3′UTR and the 5′URR of the HLA-G gene may influence the expression of sHLA-G of possible importance in pathological pregnancies and also in organ transplantation.