European Biophysics Journal

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 947–959

A comparison of electrophysiological properties of the CNGA1, CNGA1tandem and CNGA1cys-free Channels

Authors

  • Monica Mazzolini
    • International School for Advanced Studies
  • Anil V. Nair
    • International School for Advanced Studies
    • International School for Advanced Studies
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00249-008-0312-1

Cite this article as:
Mazzolini, M., Nair, A.V. & Torre, V. Eur Biophys J (2008) 37: 947. doi:10.1007/s00249-008-0312-1

Abstract

Three constructs are used for the analysis of biophysical properties of CNGA1 channels: the WT CNGA1 channel, a CNGA1 channel where all endogenous cysteines were removed (CNGA1cys-free) and a construct composed of two CNGA1 subunits connected by a small linker (CNGA1tandem). So far, it has been assumed, but not proven, that the molecular structure of these ionic channels is almost identical. The I/V relations, ionic selectivity to alkali monovalent cations, blockage by tetracaine and TMA+ were not significantly different. The cGMP dose response and blockage by TEA+ and Cd2+ were instead significantly different in CNGA1 and CNGA1cys-free channels, but not in CNGA1 and CNGA1tandem channels. Cd2+ blocked irreversibly the mutant channel A406C in the absence of cGMP. By contrast, Cd2+ did not block the mutant channel A406C in the CNGA1cys-free background (A406Ccys-free), but an irreversible and almost complete blockage was observed in the presence of the cross-linker M–4–M. Results obtained with different MTS cross-linkers and reagents suggest that the 3D structure of the CNGA1cys-free differs from that of the CNGA1 channel and that the distance between homologous residues at position 406 in CNGA1cys-free is longer than in the WT CNGA1 by several Angstroms.

Abbreviations

CNG

Cyclic nucleotide-gated

CNBD

Cyclic nucleotide-binding domain

CSM

Cysteine scanning mutagenesis

MTS

Methanethiosulfonate

MTSET

2-(Trimethylammonium)ethyl] methanethiosulfonate bromide

MTSPT

3-(Trimethylammonium)propyl methanethiosulfonate bromide

MTS-PtrEA

3-(Triethylammonium)propyl methanthiosulfonate bromide

M–2–M

1,2-Ethanediyl bismethanethiosulfonate

M–4–M

1,4-Butanediyl bismethanethiosulfonate

M–6–M

1,6-Hexanediyl bismethanethiosulfonate

M–8–M

3,6-Dioxaoctane-1,8-diyl bismethanethiosulfonate

M–11–M

3,6,9-Trioxaundecane-1,11-diyl bismethanethiosulfonate

Copyright information

© EBSA 2008