Ecological Occurrence of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus and Nitrogen-fixing Acetobacteraceae Members: Their Possible Role in Plant Growth Promotion
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- Saravanan, V., Madhaiyan, M., Osborne, J. et al. Microb Ecol (2008) 55: 130. doi:10.1007/s00248-007-9258-6
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Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus has a long-standing history of bacterial-plant interrelationship as a symbiotic endophyte capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen. In low nitrogen fertilized sugarcane fields it plays a significant role and its occurrence was realised in most of the sugarcane growing countries. In this mini review, the association of G. diazotrophicus with sugarcane, other crop plants and with various hosts is discussed. The factors affecting survival in the rhizosphere and the putative soil mode of transmission are emphasized. In addition, other N2-fixing Acetobacteraceae members, including Gluconacetobacter azotocaptans, Gluconacetobacter johannae and Swaminathania salitolerans, occurring in coffee, corn and rice plants are also covered. Lastly, the plant-growth-promoting traits identified in this group of bacteria, including N2 fixation, phytohormone synthesis, P and Zn solubilization and biocontrol, are analysed.