Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 495–511

MR findings of synovial disease in children and young adults: Part 1

Authors

    • Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Medical Center
  • Andrew M. Zbojniewicz
    • Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Medical Center
  • Arnold C. Merrow
    • Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Medical Center
  • Jung-Eun Cheon
    • Department of RadiologySeoul National University Hospital
  • In-One Kim
    • Department of RadiologySeoul National University Hospital
  • Kathleen H. Emery
    • Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Medical Center
Pictorial Essay

DOI: 10.1007/s00247-011-1971-0

Cite this article as:
Kim, H.K., Zbojniewicz, A.M., Merrow, A.C. et al. Pediatr Radiol (2011) 41: 495. doi:10.1007/s00247-011-1971-0
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Abstract

Synovial diseases in children can be classified into normal structures as potential sources of pathology (synovial folds: plicae, infrapatellar fat pad clefts); noninfectious synovial proliferation (juvenile idiopathic arthritis, hemophilic arthropathy, lipoma arborescens, synovial osteochondromatosis, pigmented villonodular synovitis, reactive synovitis), and infectious synovial proliferation, deposition disease, vascular malformations, malignancy (including metastasis) and intra-articular/periarticular cysts and cyst-like structures (ganglia). Familiarity with characteristic MR imaging findings of synovial diseases in children and young adults will enable a more confident diagnosis for earlier intervention and directed therapy. The first part of this paper will cover potential pathology of normal synovial structures as well as noninfectious synovial proliferation.

Keywords

SynoviumMRChildren

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011