Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 495–511

MR findings of synovial disease in children and young adults: Part 1

  • Hee Kyung Kim
  • Andrew M. Zbojniewicz
  • Arnold C. Merrow
  • Jung-Eun Cheon
  • In-One Kim
  • Kathleen H. Emery
Pictorial Essay

DOI: 10.1007/s00247-011-1971-0

Cite this article as:
Kim, H.K., Zbojniewicz, A.M., Merrow, A.C. et al. Pediatr Radiol (2011) 41: 495. doi:10.1007/s00247-011-1971-0

Abstract

Synovial diseases in children can be classified into normal structures as potential sources of pathology (synovial folds: plicae, infrapatellar fat pad clefts); noninfectious synovial proliferation (juvenile idiopathic arthritis, hemophilic arthropathy, lipoma arborescens, synovial osteochondromatosis, pigmented villonodular synovitis, reactive synovitis), and infectious synovial proliferation, deposition disease, vascular malformations, malignancy (including metastasis) and intra-articular/periarticular cysts and cyst-like structures (ganglia). Familiarity with characteristic MR imaging findings of synovial diseases in children and young adults will enable a more confident diagnosis for earlier intervention and directed therapy. The first part of this paper will cover potential pathology of normal synovial structures as well as noninfectious synovial proliferation.

Keywords

SynoviumMRChildren

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hee Kyung Kim
    • 1
  • Andrew M. Zbojniewicz
    • 1
  • Arnold C. Merrow
    • 1
  • Jung-Eun Cheon
    • 2
  • In-One Kim
    • 2
  • Kathleen H. Emery
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologySeoul National University HospitalSeoulKorea