MR Urography

Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 38, Supplement 1, pp 70-75

First online:

Renal dysplasia and MRI: a clinician’s perspective

  • Larry A. GreenbaumAffiliated withDivision of Pediatric Nephrology, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University Email author 

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Renal dysplasia is a common abnormality in children. The role of MRI in evaluating children with renal dysplasia is evolving. More information is clearly necessary before MRI replaces conventional imaging modalities. In order to appropriately use MRI, the radiologist must have an understanding of the clinical questions that are important in the management of children with renal dysplasia. This review provides background information on renal dysplasia for the pediatric radiologist. The focus is on unilateral disease, especially multicystic dysplastic kidneys, and bilateral dysplasia, which is the most common cause of kidney failure in children. The emphasis is on the important clinical issues, and the potential of MRI as a methodology for providing clinically useful information not otherwise available from other imaging modalities.


Kidney failure Kidney diseases MRI Renal dysplasia Children