Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 351–355

Maturation of the limbic system revealed by MR FLAIR imaging

Authors

    • Department of Paediatric RadiologyUniversity Children’s Hospital UKBB
  • Klara Vergesslich
    • Department of Paediatric RadiologyUniversity Children’s Hospital UKBB
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00247-007-0415-3

Cite this article as:
Schneider, J.F. & Vergesslich, K. Pediatr Radiol (2007) 37: 351. doi:10.1007/s00247-007-0415-3

Abstract

Background

Cortical signal intensity (SI) of the limbic system in adults is known to be higher than in neocortical structures, but time-related changes in SI during childhood have not been described.

Objective

To detect maturation-related SI changes within the limbic system using a fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MR sequence.

Materials and methods

Twenty children (10 boys, 10 girls; age 3.5–18 years, mean 11.2 years) with no neurological abnormality and normal MR imaging examination were retrospectively selected. On two coronal FLAIR slices, ten regions of interest (ROI) with a constant area of 10 mm2 were manually placed in the archeocortex (hippocampus), periarcheocortex (parahippocampal gyrus, subcallosal area, cingulate gyrus) and in the neocortex at the level of the superior frontal gyrus on both sides.

Results

Significant SI gradients were observed with a higher intensity in the archeocortex, intermediate intensity in the periarcheocortex and low intensity in the neocortex. Significant higher SI values in hippocampal and parahippocampal structures were detected in children up to 10 years of age.

Conclusion

These differences mainly reflected differences in cortical structure and myelination state. Archeocortical structures especially showed significant age-related intensity progression suggesting ongoing organization and/or myelination until early adolescence.

Keywords

ChildrenBrainMaturationMRI

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007