Case Report

Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 561-563

First online:

Calcified pulmonary thromboembolism in a child with sickle cell disease: value of multidetector CT in patients with acute chest syndrome

  • Jonathan A. StaserAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Indiana University Medical Center
  • , Tariq AlamAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Medical College of Ohio
  • , Kimberly ApplegateAffiliated withSections of Pediatric Radiology and Health Services Research, Indiana University Medical CenterDepartment of Radiology, Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University Medical Center Email author 

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Abstract

The incidence of pulmonary embolism in children is not clearly known, but is believed to be low. Risk factors for pulmonary thromboembolism include central venous catheter, malignancy, surgery, infection, trauma, and congenital hypercoagulable disorders. Children with sickle cell disease are prothrombotic and are at an increased risk of thromboembolism. The incidence of this event is unknown because these children are often not thoroughly imaged. We report here a case of a calcified pulmonary thromboembolism in a child with sickle cell disease and emphasize the use of multidetector CT in detection of pulmonary thromboembolism in children with sickle cell disease.

Keywords

Sickle cell disease Children Pulmonary embolism CT angiography