Review Article

Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 474-483

First online:

Improving Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Young Children and Adolescents

  • Dianne L. AtkinsAffiliated withCarver College of Medicine, University of Iowa Children’s HospitalDivision of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Iowa Email author 
  • , Stuart BergerAffiliated withChildren’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Medical College of Wisconsin

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an unusual but devastating occurrence in a young person. Years of life-lost are substantial and long-term health care costs of survivors can be high. However, there have been noteworthy improvements in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) standards, out-of hospital care, and postcardiac arrest therapies that have resulted in a several-fold improvement in resuscitation outcomes. Recent interest and research in resuscitation of children has the promise of generating improvements in the outcomes of these patients. Integrated and coordinated care in the out-of-hospital and hospital settings are required. This article will review the epidemiology of OHCA, the 2010 CPR guidelines, and developments in public access defibrillation for children.


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Cardiac arrest Outcomes