Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 264–269

A Comparison of the Relative Sensitivity of Structural and Functional Cellular Responses in the Alga Chlamydomonas eugametos Exposed to the Herbicide Paraquat

  • D.  Franqueira
  • A.  Cid
  • E.  Torres
  • M.  Orosa
  • C.  Herrero

DOI: 10.1007/s002449900470

Cite this article as:
Franqueira, D., Cid, A., Torres, E. et al. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1999) 36: 264. doi:10.1007/s002449900470

Abstract.

The effect of the herbicide paraquat on the freshwater microalga Chlamydomonas eugametos was studied in function of different parameters such as growth, elemental composition, total lipids, and photosynthetic pigments content and others assayed by flow cytometry (cell viability, cell volume, and granularity). The study reveals that paraquat concentrations above 0.15 μM are toxic for the microalga C. eugametos, inducing an inhibition of all the physiological parameters analyzed and strong structural changes. However, lower concentrations cause alterations in certain cellular components that are especially sensitive to the toxic action of the herbicide; so total lipids and photosynthetic pigments content are affected by concentrations such low as 0.037 μM. Taking into account these results, these parameters are better indicators of the cellular state than data on biomass or growth rate.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • D.  Franqueira
    • 1
  • A.  Cid
    • 1
  • E.  Torres
    • 1
  • M.  Orosa
    • 1
  • C.  Herrero
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Microbiología, Departamento de Biología Celular y Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidade da Coruña, Campus da Zapateira s/n. 15071 A Coruña, Spain ES