Effects of specific α-1A/1D blocker on lower urinary tract symptoms due to double-J stent: a prospectively randomized study
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- Wang, CJ., Huang, SW. & Chang, CH. Urol Res (2009) 37: 147. doi:10.1007/s00240-009-0182-8
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The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of tamsulosin in improving symptoms in patients with indwelling double-J ureteral stents. This prospective study lasted from April 2006 to March 2008. All the patients with symptomatic lower ureteral stones with <15 mm diameter were enrolled, and were prospectively randomized (random numbers table) into two groups. A total of 154 patients, with insertion of a double-J ureteral stent after ureteroscopic stone removal. In group 1, 75 patients were enrolled and received placebo for 2 weeks. Group 2 included 79 patients who received 0.4 mg of tamsulosin, once daily for 2 weeks. All patients completed the validated ureteral stent symptom questionnaire (USSQ) and quality of life of international prostate symptom scale (IPSS) for evaluating the symptoms of double-J stents and quality of life after double-J stent insertion and removal, respectively. The analysis of the questionnaire at W1 revealed a significant difference in the main score index of urinary symptoms, body pain and general health between groups 1 and 2. When comparing W1 evaluation with that of W4 after double-J removal, both groups showed significant worsening of urinary symptoms, body pain, general health and work performance, except sexual performance. The mean score of quality of life in IPSS was 4.21 in group 1 and 1.6 in group 2. Tamsulosin can improve a subset of stent-related urinary symptoms and quality of life effectively and may be applied in routine clinical practice.