Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 59, Issue 5, pp 703–708

Identification of Novel Exons from Rat–Mouse Comparisons


DOI: 10.1007/s00239-004-2653-4

Cite this article as:
Nekrutenko, A. J Mol Evol (2004) 59: 703. doi:10.1007/s00239-004-2653-4


Exon shuffling, a major mechanism of gene evolution, scrambles existing sequences to create new genes. However, is it possible for an exon to be created from scratch? Here we conduct a survey of rat and mouse genomes and identify 2,302 putative rodent-specific exons absent from the human genome. Analysis of rodent transcripts supporting these exons indicates that over half appear to be alternatively spliced in genes orthologous between rodents and human. This study demonstrates the importance of sequencing genomes from multiple species to accurately document the evolution of gene structure.


Novel exons Exon shuffling Rat genome Mouse genome Rodent-specific exons 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Huck Institute for Life Sciences, and Center for Comparative Genomics and BioinformaticsPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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