Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 122–130

Different Rates of LINE-1 (L1) Retrotransposon Amplification and Evolution in New World Monkeys

  • Stéphane Boissinot
  • Christian Roos
  • Anthony V. Furano
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00239-003-2539-x

Cite this article as:
Boissinot, S., Roos, C. & Furano, A.V. J Mol Evol (2004) 58: 122. doi:10.1007/s00239-003-2539-x

Abstract

LINE-1 (L1) elements constitute the major family of retrotransposons in mammalian genomes. Here we report the first investigation of L1 evolution in New World monkeys (NWM). Two regions of the second open-reading frame were analyzed by two methods in three NWM species, the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus), the tamarin (Saguinus oedipus), and the spider monkey (Ateles paniscus). Since these three species diverged, L1 has amplified in the Saimiri and Saguinus lineages but L1 activity seems to have been strongly reduced in the Ateles lineage. In addition, the active L1 lineage has evolved rapidly in Saimiri and Saguinus, generating species-specific subfamilies. In contrast, we found no evidence for a species-specific subfamily in Ateles, a result consistent with the low L1 activity in this species for the last ~25 My.

Keywords

LINE-1Non-LTRRetrotransposonPrimateNew World monkeys

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stéphane Boissinot
    • 1
  • Christian Roos
    • 2
  • Anthony V. Furano
    • 1
  1. 1.Section on Genomic Structure and FunctionLaboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-0830USA
  2. 2.German Primate CenterPrimate Genetics, Kellnerweg 4, Goettingen 37077Germany