European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 36, Issue 9, pp 573–578

Catastrophic outcomes are rare in outpatient plastic surgery: a multicenter analysis of 10,954 patients

  • Umang Jain
  • Nima Khavanin
  • Jennifer Cheesborough
  • John Y. S. Kim
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00238-013-0835-2

Cite this article as:
Jain, U., Khavanin, N., Cheesborough, J. et al. Eur J Plast Surg (2013) 36: 573. doi:10.1007/s00238-013-0835-2

Abstract

Background

Catastrophic outcomes of outpatient plastic surgery such as septic shock, myocardial infarction, and death are rare. Few studies have provided robust data on risk factors associated with these events. This study utilizes an independent, multicenter database to investigate the incidence and predictive factors of catastrophic outcomes associated with outpatient plastic surgery.

Methods

Patients in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) participant use database who underwent outpatient plastic surgery between 2006 and 2010 were identified. Demographic information for patients and rates of catastrophic outcomes within 30 days of surgery (sepsis/septic shock, pulmonary embolism, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac arrest, coma, and death) was determined.

Results

Over the 5-year study period, 10,954 patients underwent an outpatient plastic surgery procedure. Thirty-one patients presented with catastrophic outcomes (0.28 %). These patients had a total of 34 catastrophic outcomes: 20 sepsis/septic shock (58.8 %), 5 pulmonary embolism (14.7 %), 3 stroke (8.8 %), 2 cardiac arrest (5.9 %), and 4 death (11.7 %). No occurrences of MI or coma were reported.

Conclusions

Outpatient plastic surgery can be performed safely in accredited ambulatory facilities as demonstrated by the overall 0.28 % catastrophic outcome rate garnered from a 5-year review of the NSQIP database.

Level of Evidence: Level III, prognostic/risk study.

Keywords

OutcomesNSQIPCatastrophicOutpatientAmbulatory

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Umang Jain
    • 1
  • Nima Khavanin
    • 1
  • Jennifer Cheesborough
    • 1
  • John Y. S. Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA