European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 26, Issue 7, pp 356–358

Nipple-areola reconstruction: outcome assessment

Authors

    • Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand SurgeryUniversity College Hospital
    • Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, First Floor, Grosvenor WingSt. George’s Hospital
  • L. Rynn
    • Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand SurgeryUniversity College Hospital
  • C. Riordan
    • Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand SurgeryUniversity College Hospital
  • P. J. Regan
    • Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand SurgeryUniversity College Hospital
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00238-003-0566-x

Cite this article as:
Hussain, M., Rynn, L., Riordan, C. et al. Eur J Plast Surg (2003) 26: 356. doi:10.1007/s00238-003-0566-x

Abstract

The creation of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) is usually the final step in the surgical treatment of breast cancer patients. It has substantial aesthetic and symbolic implications for the patients involved. In this study we reviewed 17 consecutive nipple-areola reconstructions over a 4-year period. Breast reconstruction in these patients was performed using a combination of breast implant only (n=4) and flap reconstructions (latissimus dorsi, TRAM) (n=13). The skate flap technique was used for nipple reconstruction in all of these patients. Patients were assessed objectively and subjectively. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 48 months (mean 20 months). Mean nipple projection at review was 6.75 mm (range 5.2–9 mm) and mean nipple diameter was 12 mm (range 8–14 mm). The majority of the patients were satisfied with the results.

Keywords

Nipple-areola complexBreast reconstructionSkate flap techniqueNipple reconstruction

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003