, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 453-462

Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm: assessment of treatment effect by cerebral angiography and transcranial colour Doppler sonography

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Abstract

In a retrospective study of 30 consecutive patients with symptomatic vasospasm the mean degree of narrowing as compared to the initial angiogram was 35 % (± 24 %) in 12 intradural internal carotid arteries (ICA), 42 % (± 17 %) in 42 proximal middle cerebral (MCA) and 38 % (± 19 %) in 27 anterior cerebral arteries (ACA). The corresponding increase in mean flow velocities from baseline values obtained by transcranial colour Doppler sonography (TCD) within 12 h of the first angiogram to the time of clinical vasospasm was considerably higher, with 49 % (± 34 %) in the ICA, 119 % (± 92 %) in the MCA and 147 % (± 170 %) in the ACA. Following superselective intra-arterial papaverine application in 66 arteries and balloon angioplasty of 15 arteries, 78 (96.3 %) of 81 dilated. Sustained clinical improvement was achieved in 22 patients (73.3 %). The mean reversal of angiographic vasospasm was 71 % for the ICA (range 10–100 %), 81 % for the MCA (range 9–100 %) and 82 % (range 0–100 %) for the A1 segment. The mean reduction of flow velocities after treatment was much less with 23 % (± 21 %) in the ICA, 32 % (± 24 %) in the MCA and 25 % (± 22 %) in the A1 segment.

Received: 10 November 1998 Accepted: 1 December 1998