, Volume 51, Issue 6, pp 385-396
Date: 17 Feb 2009

Orbital and anterior visual pathway infection and inflammation

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Abstract

Introduction

Orbital and anterior visual pathway infection and inflammation represent approximately 10–15% of all orbital pathology. Both conditions can occur separately but occasionally they can be observed simultaneously.

Methods

While the diagnosis of infection is usually straightforward, it is important to depict the lesions and to know the potential devastating complications. CT plays an important role in confirming the clinical suspicion of orbital infection.

Results

The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of inflammation is more challenging. Differentiating inflammation from lymphoproliferative diseases and tumours can be difficult.

Conclusion

MR imaging plays an important role but a dedicated orbital imaging protocol is mandatory.