Neuroradiology

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 100–112

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in carotid angioplasty and stenting with balloon embolic protection devices

  • Fumio Asakura
  • Kenji Kawaguchi
  • Hiroshi Sakaida
  • Naoki Toma
  • Satoshi Matsushima
  • Keita Kuraishi
  • Hiroshi Tanemura
  • Yoichi Miura
  • Masayuki Maeda
  • Waro Taki
Interventional Neuroradiology

DOI: 10.1007/s00234-005-0003-x

Cite this article as:
Asakura, F., Kawaguchi, K., Sakaida, H. et al. Neuroradiology (2006) 48: 100. doi:10.1007/s00234-005-0003-x

Abstract

We compared the results of two procedures to protect against distal embolism caused by embolic debris from carotid angioplasty with stent deployment (CAS) using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The study group comprised 39 men and 3 women (42 and 3 CAS procedures, respectively) with severe carotid stenosis (average age 70.0±6.6 years). During 20 CAS procedures the internal carotid artery was protected with a single balloon. A PercuSurge GuardWire was used for temporary occlusion. During 25 CAS procedures the internal and external carotid arteries were simultaneously temporarily occluded with a PercuSurge GuardWire and a Sentry balloon catheter, respectively. Diffusion-weighted MRI was performed 1 to 3 days after CAS. Data from 26 patients undergoing conventional angiography for diagnosis of cerebral ischemic disease, cerebral aneurysm or brain tumors were included as controls. Diffusion-weighted MRI after conventional diagnostic angiography showed ischemic spots in 3 of the 26 controls (11.5%). Ischemic spots were observed during 11 of 20 CAS procedures with the internal carotid artery protected with a single balloon (55.0%), and were observed during 9 of 25 CAS procedures with both the internal and external carotid arteries protected (36.0%). This difference was significant (P=0.0068). Ischemic lesions appeared not only ipsilateral to the carotid stenosis but also in the contralateral carotid artery (31.9%) and vertebrobasilar territory (25.3%). Better protection was obtained with simultaneous double occlusion of both the internal and external carotid artery than with single protection of the internal carotid artery during CAS.

Keywords

Carotid stenosisStentMagnetic resonance imagingEmbolismsProtectionBalloon

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumio Asakura
    • 1
  • Kenji Kawaguchi
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Sakaida
    • 1
  • Naoki Toma
    • 1
  • Satoshi Matsushima
    • 1
  • Keita Kuraishi
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Tanemura
    • 1
  • Yoichi Miura
    • 1
  • Masayuki Maeda
    • 2
  • Waro Taki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryMie University School of MedicineTsu CityJapan
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyMie University School of MedicineTsu CityJapan