, Volume 206, Issue 3, pp 173-185

Recent Progress in Understanding the Mechanism of P-Glycoprotein-mediated Drug Efflux

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Abstract

P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an ATP-dependent drug pump that can transport a broad range of hydrophobic compounds out of the cell. The protein is clinically important because of its contribution to the phenomenon of multidrug resistance during AIDS/HIV and cancer chemotherapy. P-gp is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) family of proteins. It is a single polypeptide that contains two repeats joined by a linker region. Each repeat has a transmembrane domain consisting of six transmembrane segments followed by a hydrophilic domain containing the nucleotide-binding domain. In this mini-review, we discuss recent progress in determining the structure and mechanism of human P-glycoprotein.