Study of airflow in a coldregion tunnel using a standard k − ε turbulence model and airrock heat transfer characteristics: validation of the CFD results
 Xianjun Tan,
 Weizhong Chen,
 Guojun Wu,
 Jianping Yang
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An efficient computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method for simulating the flow and convective heat transfer process of airflow in a tunnel is required to analyze the freezing and thawing of surrounding rock and to apply the results to the design of the insulation layer for a tunnel located in a cold region. Comparisons of experimental data and CFD results using a standard k − ε turbulence model, a wall function, a thermal function and an adaptive finite element method are presented. Comparison of the results indicated that the proposed model and simulation method are efficient at determining the solid–air interface heat coefficient in a thin and infinitely wide horizontal plate and the hydrodynamic and thermal fields in a 3D cavity. After demonstrating that the necessary validations are satisfied, this paper presents an analysis of the characteristics of airflow and air–rock heat transfer in a coldregion tunnel.
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 Title
 Study of airflow in a coldregion tunnel using a standard k − ε turbulence model and airrock heat transfer characteristics: validation of the CFD results
 Journal

Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume 49, Issue 3 , pp 327336
 Cover Date
 20130301
 DOI
 10.1007/s002310121081z
 Print ISSN
 09477411
 Online ISSN
 14321181
 Publisher
 SpringerVerlag
 Additional Links
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 Authors

 Xianjun Tan ^{(1)}
 Weizhong Chen ^{(1)} ^{(2)}
 Guojun Wu ^{(1)}
 Jianping Yang ^{(1)}
 Author Affiliations

 1. State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430071, Hubei, China
 2. Research Center of Geotechnical and Structural Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, 250061, Shandong, China