Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 41–54

Numerical feasibility study of utilizing nanofluids in laminar natural convection inside enclosures


DOI: 10.1007/s00231-012-1059-x

Cite this article as:
Esmaeil, K.K. Heat Mass Transfer (2013) 49: 41. doi:10.1007/s00231-012-1059-x


Laminar natural convective heat transfer of nanofluids inside an enclosure is numerically investigated considering the thermal dispersion effect of the nanoparticles. Feasibility of applying nanofluids instead of pure liquids in natural convective, which is a discrepancy issue between the previous numerical and experimental works, is examined. Results confirm the previous experimental results of general deterioration in heat transfer rate. Discussions, justifications and correlations for average Nusselt number are presented.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Department, College of EngineeringQassim UniversityBuraidahKSA
  2. 2.Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTantaEgypt