Improving the performance of Drug and Therapeutics Committees in hospitals – a quasi-experimental study in Laos

  • Chu Vang
  • Goran Tomson
  • Sengchan Kounnavong
  • Thanakhanh Southammavong
  • Amphayvanh Phanyanouvong
  • Rolf Johansson
  • Bo Eriksson
  • Rolf Wahlstrom
Pharmacoepidemiology and Prescription

DOI: 10.1007/s00228-005-0069-8

Cite this article as:
Vang, C., Tomson, G., Kounnavong, S. et al. Eur J Clin Pharmacol (2006) 62: 57. doi:10.1007/s00228-005-0069-8

Abstract

Background and objectives

Drug and Therapeutics Committees (DTCs), which are essential for ensuring the rational use of drugs (RUD) in hospitals, have recently been established in Laos. Sub-optimal performance had been reported. The aims of this study were to determine those factors in the working environment that relate to DTC performance in Lao hospitals and evaluate whether DTC performance could be improved through an educational intervention utilizing auditing and feedback targeted towards DTC members.

Methods

This was a quasi-experimental (before and after) study. Two central and seven provincial hospitals and the DTC members from these hospitals participated in the study. Performance of the DTCs was assessed by means of specifically developed indicators on structure and process combined with indicators for RUD and adherence to Standard Treatment Guidelines (STG). Data were collected for a 3-month period at baseline and for three consecutive periods thereafter. The results of the first three data collections were shared and discussed with the DTC members during feedback sessions. The DTC members were also interviewed in order to identify factors they thought may have an impact on DTC performance.

Results

Following the intervention, there was a significant improvement in the overall score for DTC performance (p<0.001) and, in particular, in general activity and feedback and drug information to staff. The STG scores also improved (p<0.01). Interviews indicated that one negative factor was the experience of the DTC members being overloaded with other work, resulting in DTC meetings being held irregularly and drawing poor attendance.

Conclusion

Continuous self-monitoring of performance by means of indicators, followed by feedback discussions, is suggested the means of improving the work of the DTC.

Keywords

Drug and Therapeutics CommitteeStandard Treatment GuidelinesRational use of drugHealth systems researchLao PDR

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chu Vang
    • 1
  • Goran Tomson
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sengchan Kounnavong
    • 5
  • Thanakhanh Southammavong
    • 4
  • Amphayvanh Phanyanouvong
    • 6
  • Rolf Johansson
    • 2
  • Bo Eriksson
    • 7
  • Rolf Wahlstrom
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyMahosot HospitalVientianeLao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos)
  2. 2.Division of International Health (IHCAR)Karolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Medical Management CenterKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Out-patient DepartmentMahosot HospitalVientianeLaos
  5. 5.National Institute of Public Health (NIOPH)VientianeLaos
  6. 6.Curative DepartmentMinistry of HealthVientianeLaos
  7. 7.Nordic School of Public HealthGoteborgSweden