Genetic differentiation in Hediste diversicolor (Polychaeta: Nereididae) for the North Sea and the Baltic Sea
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- Röhner, M., Bastrop, R. & Jürss, K. Marine Biology (1997) 130: 171. doi:10.1007/s002270050236
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Genetic differentiation between North Sea and Baltic Sea Hediste diversicolor (O.F. Müller, 1776) (Polychaeta: Nereididae) populations was studied by allozyme electrophoresis on starch gel. Thirteen loci were analyzed in eight populations. The level of genetic variation was very low (mean Ho = 0.000 to 0.015). Differentiation between H. diversicolor populations is quite high (FST = 0.892) and reflected by three enzyme loci (MDH-I*, MDH-II*, IDH-I*). The reduced gene flow (Nm<1) may be explained by the limited dispersal capacity of the species. Regardless of whether found in the North Sea or Baltic Sea, there appear to be two different genetic types which are parapatric or sympatric in some places. The two types hybridize at three localities, but no signs of hybridization have been found at one (Tallinn).