Comparative growth and mortality of Bonamia ostreae -resistant and wild flat oysters, Ostrea edulis, in an intensive system. I. First year of experiment
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- Baud, JP., Gérard, A. & Naciri-Graven, Y. Marine Biology (1997) 130: 71. doi:10.1007/s002270050226
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Since the early nineteen-seventies, the parasitic protozoans Marteilia refringens and Bonamia ostreae have consistently deleteriously affected the French production of Ostrea edulis (Linné). Purification and inoculation of B. ostreae that were achieved in the late nineteen-eighties allowed a selection program to be initiated. Two O. edulis strains, S85 and S89, were raised that displayed significant resistance to B. ostreae in the field. Growth was monitored to ensure that the resistant strains grew at a rate comparable to that of controls, using two crosses between the first generation of S89 and the second generation of S85 (G1G2), and between the first generation of S89 and wild oysters (G0G1). Growth and mortality were monitored for seven consecutive months in an intensive open circulating system at the IFREMER station of Bouin (Vendée, France). A Chapman-Richards model of growth revealed that the two “resistant” crosses grew significantly better than two controls from Quiberon Bay (Brittany), an area in which B. ostreae is endemic, and Palavas (Mediterranean Sea), where oysters are less infested by this parasite. The asymptotic values for growth curves ranged between 27.2 and 28.2 g for G1G2 and G0G1 vs 21.0 and 22.8 g for the controls. There was a similar trend in mortality, with G1G2 (11.8%) surviving better than the three other populations (from 28.7 to 57.5%). B. ostreae was not detected during the experiments and mortalities were attributed to feeding conditions that were not optimal, reinforced by gametogenesis and high temperatures during the summer. It is suggested that the better performance of G1G2 and G0G1 resulted from their increased resistance to stress.