Marine Biology

, Volume 137, Issue 3, pp 519–526

Life history of Gonatus onyx (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidea): deep-sea spawning and post-spawning egg care

Authors

  • B. A. Seibel
    • Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149-1098, USA Fax: 001 (305) 361-4600 e-mail: seibel@rsmas.miami.edu
  • F. G. Hochberg
    • Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149-1098, USA Fax: 001 (305) 361-4600 e-mail: seibel@rsmas.miami.edu
  • D. B. Carlini
    • Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149-1098, USA Fax: 001 (305) 361-4600 e-mail: seibel@rsmas.miami.edu

DOI: 10.1007/s002270000359

Cite this article as:
Seibel, B., Hochberg, F. & Carlini, D. Marine Biology (2000) 137: 519. doi:10.1007/s002270000359

Abstract

 A reproductive strategy consisting of deep- water spawning and egg-care was inferred for the midwater squid Gonatus onyx Young, 1972. Brooding females and associated eggs and hatchlings, captured between 1250 and 1750 m depth off southern California, are described. Brooding females appear to be senescent and lack tentacles. Large eggs of this species (3 mm) at cold temperatures (3 °C at capture depth) may require as long as 9 mo to develop. The high lipid content of the digestive gland in adult females of this species may provide fuel to support such an extended “brooding” period.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000