Isotopic shifts with size, culture habitat, and enrichment between the diet and tissues of the Japanese scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857)
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- Aya, F.A. & Kudo, I. Mar Biol (2010) 157: 2157. doi:10.1007/s00227-010-1480-y
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Use of stable isotope signatures to trace diet patterns in cultured marine bivalves, particularly when changing culture habitat, requires knowledge of the isotopic shift and enrichment between diet and consumer’s tissues. The aim of this study was to determine the patterns of isotope change and the variability of enrichment values (∆δ13C and ∆δ15N) in different tissues (muscle, gonad, digestive gland) of the Japanese scallop (Mizuhopecten yessoensis). It was hypothesized that the isotopic signatures of a consumer’s tissues changed during settlement and that the changes were related to variations in the isotopic signatures of food sources and gut contents. Particular attention was paid to the isotope enrichment between the diet and a consumer’s tissues using isotope analysis of gut content. Muscle δ15N values decreased significantly 3–5 months post-settlement in a nearshore seabed, concomitant with the ingestion of lower δ15N food. For juvenile scallops, sinking particles (SP) were considered a more important dietary source than suspended particulate organic matter (SPOM), based on the correspondence between SP and gut contents δ13C. Enrichment values (∆δ13C and ∆δ15N) varied with tissue and season. ∆δ15N was 2.4‰ in muscle, 1.2‰ in gonad, and 0.7‰ in the digestive gland. ∆δ13C was 3.2‰ in muscle, 2.3‰ in gonad, and −0.5‰ in the digestive gland. ∆δ15N was the lowest in summer (0.3‰), and ∆δ13C was the highest in autumn (2.8‰). ∆δ15N values were significantly influenced by age, but not ∆δ13C. Patterns of isotope ratios and enrichment values may be related to physiological attributes and differences in diet. This is the first study to demonstrate isotopic shift and enrichment encountered in different tissues of a cultured scallop when changing culture habitat.