Marine Biology

, Volume 145, Issue 2, pp 323–328

Flesh or bone? Quantifying small-scale coral morphology using with-tissue and without-tissue techniques

  • P. A. Todd
  • R. J. Ladle
  • N. J. I. Lewin-Koh
  • L. M. Chou
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00227-004-1324-8

Cite this article as:
Todd, P.A., Ladle, R.J., Lewin-Koh, N.J.I. et al. Marine Biology (2004) 145: 323. doi:10.1007/s00227-004-1324-8


The quantification of small-scale coral morphology using tissue-free skeletons often requires colonies, or colony sections, to be removed from the reef. This undesirable destruction can be reduced by using a with-tissue technique based on photographic images of living corals. The results of this study indicate that with-tissue multivariate morphometric data contain similar information to skeleton-derived data and can help identify phenotypic plasticity in the massive coral Favia speciosa. With-tissue data can also be used to discern changes with time in individual polyps exposed to new environments.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Todd
    • 1
  • R. J. Ladle
    • 2
  • N. J. I. Lewin-Koh
    • 3
  • L. M. Chou
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesNapier UniversityEdinburghUK
  2. 2.School of Geography and EnvironmentUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  3. 3.Department of Statistics and Applied ProbabilityNational University of SingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Department of BiologyNational University of SingaporeSingapore