Allendorf FW, Phelps SR (1981) Use of allelic frequencies to describe population structure. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 38:1507–1514
Avise JC (1992) Molecular population structure and the biogeographic history of a regional fauna: a case history with lessons for conservation biology. Oikos 63:62–76
Avise JC, Helfman GS, Saunders NC, Hales LS (1986) Mitochondrial DNA differentiation in North American eels: population genetic consequences of an unusual life history. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 83:4350–4354
Baker CS, Palumbi SR, Lambertsen RH, Weinrich MT, Calambokidis J, O'Brien SJ (1990) Influence of seasonal migration on geographic distribution of mitochondrial DNA haplotypes in humpback whales. Nature 344:238–240CrossRefPubMed
Bowen BW, Avise JC (1990) Genetic structure of Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico populations of sea bass, menhaden, and sturgeon: influence of zoogeographic factors and life-history patterns. Mar Biol 107:371–381
Brown GG (1986) Structural conservation and variation in the D-loop-containing region of vertebrate mitochondrial DNA. J Mol Biol 192:503–511PubMed
Buonaccorsi VP, Starkey E, Graves JE (2001) Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analysis of population subdivision among young-of-the-year Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculatus
) from the western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Mar Biol 138:37–45CrossRef
Carlson JK, Brusher JH (1999) An index of abundance for coastal species of juvenile sharks from the northeast Gulf of Mexico. Mar Fish Rev 61:37–45
Castro JI (1993) The shark nursery of Bulls Bay, South Carolina, with a review of the shark nurseries of the southeastern coast of the United States. Environ Biol Fish 38:37–48
Castro JI (1996) Biology of the blacktip shark, Carcharhinus limbatus, off the southeastern United States. Bull Mar Sci 59:508–522
Cortes E (2000) 2000 Shark Evaluation Annual Report. Document SFD-00/01–119. NOAA/NMFS Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Panama City, Fla.
Diaz M, Leclerc GM, Ely B (1997) Nuclear DNA markers reveal low levels of genetic divergence among Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico populations of striped bass. Trans Am Fish Soc 126:163–165
Excoffier L, Smouse PE, Quattro JM (1992) Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: Application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics 131:479–491PubMed
Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV (2001) Population genetic structure of the lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris
) in the western Atlantic: DNA microsatellite variation. Mol Ecol 10:295–303CrossRefPubMed
Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV (2002) The breeding biology of lemon sharks at a tropical nursery lagoon. Proc R Soc Lond B 269:1655–1661CrossRefPubMed
Gold JR, Richardson LR (1998) Mitochondrial DNA diversification and population structure in fishes from the Gulf of Mexico and western Atlantic. J Hered 89:404–414CrossRef
Hauser L, Ward RD (1998) Population identification in pelagic fish: the limits of molecular markers. In: Carvalho GR (ed) Advances in molecular ecology. IOS,, Amsterdam, pp 191–224
Heist EJ, Gold JR (1999) Microsatellite DNA variation in sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus) from the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic Bight. Copeia 1:182–186
Heist EJ, Graves JE, Musick JA (1995) Population genetics of the sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) in the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic Bight. Copeia 3:555–562
Heist EJ, Musick JA, Graves JE (1996a) Mitochondrial DNA diversity and divergence among sharpnose sharks, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae, from the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic Bight. Fish Bull 94:664–668
Heist EJ, Musick JA, Graves JE (1996b) Genetic population structure of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus
) inferred from restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:583–588CrossRef
Heupel MR, Hueter RE (2001) Use of an automated acoustic telemetry system to passively track juvenile blacktip shark movements. In: Sibert JR, Nielson JL (eds) Electronic tagging and tracking in marine fisheries. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 217–236
Heupel MR, Simpfendorfer CA (2002) Estimation of mortality of juvenile blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus
, within a nursery area using telemetry data. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 59:624–632CrossRef
Hueter RE (1998) Philopatry, natal homing and localised stock depletion in sharks. Shark News 12:1–2
Hueter RE (1999) Early life history and relative abundance of blacktip and other coastal sharks in eastern Gulf of Mexico nursery areas, including bycatch mortality of sharks and associated fishes. NOAA/NMFS/MARFIN Project NA57FF0034. Technical Report no. 630, Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Fla.
Hueter RE, Manire CA (1994) Bycatch and catch-release mortality of small sharks in the Gulf coast nursery grounds of Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor. NOAA/NMFS/MARFIN Project NA17FF0378. Technical Report no. 368, Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Fla.
Hueter RE, Heupel MR, Heist EJ, Keeney DB (2003) The implications of philopatry in sharks for the management of shark fisheries. J Northwest Atl Fish Sci (in press)
Kohler NE, Casey JG, Turner PA (1998) NMFS cooperative shark tagging program, 1962–93: an atlas of shark tag and recapture data. Mar Fish Rev 60:1–87
Lankford TE Jr, Targett TE, Gaffney PM (1999) Mitochondrial DNA analysis of population structure in the Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus (Perciformes: Sciaenidae). Fish Bull 97:884–890
Lee W, Conroy J, Howell WH, Kocher TD (1995) Structure and evolution of teleost mitochondrial control regions. J Mol Evol 41:54–66PubMed
Martin AP, Naylor GJP, Palumbi SR (1992) Rates of mitochondrial DNA evolution in sharks are slow compared with mammals. Nature 357:153–155PubMed
Meylan AB, Bowen BW, Avise JC (1990) A genetic test of the natal homing versus social facilitation models for green turtle migration. Science 248:724–727PubMed
Moritz C (1994) Defining 'Evolutionarily Significant Units' for conservation. Trends Ecol Evol 9:373–375
Nei M (1987) Molecular evolutionary genetics. Columbia University Press, New York
NMFS (1998) 1998 Report of the shark evaluation workshop. NOAA/NMFS Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Panama City, Fla.
NMFS (1999) Final fishery management plan for Atlantic tuna, swordfish, and sharks. U.S. Dept. Comm., NOAA/NMFS, Silver Spring, Md.
NMFS (2001) U.S. national plan of action for the conservation and management of sharks. U.S. Dept. Comm., NOAA/NMFS, Silver Spring, Md.
NMFS (2003) 2003 stock assessment and fishery evaluation for Atlantic highly migratory species. U.S. Dept. Comm., NOAA/NMFS, Silver Spring, Md.
Oxford Molecular (1998) MacVector 6.5 Oxford Molecular, Oxford
Palumbi SR (1994) Genetic divergence, reproductive isolation, and marine speciation. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 25:547–572CrossRef
Pardini AT, Jones CS, Noble LR, Kreiser B, Malcolm H, Bruce BD, Stevens JD, Cliff G, Scholl MC, Francis M, Duffy CAJ, Martin AP (2001) Sex-biased dispersal of great white sharks. Nature 412:139–140CrossRefPubMed
Reeb CA, Avise JC (1990) A genetic discontinuity in a continuously distributed species: mitochondrial DNA in the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica
. Genetics 124:397–406PubMed
Rice WR (1989) Analyzing tables of statistical tests. Evolution 43:223–225
Roff DA, Bentzen P (1989) The statistical analysis of mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms: χ
and the problem of small samples. Mol Biol Evol 6:539–545PubMed
Saunders NC, Kessler LG, Avise JC (1986) Genetic variation and geographic differentiation in mitochondrial DNA of the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus. Genetics 112:613–627
Schneider S, Roessli D, Excoffier L (2000) Arlequin ver. 2.000: a software for population genetic data analysis. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory, University of Geneva, Switzerland
Seyoum S, Tringali MD, Bert TM, McElroy D, Stokes R (2000) An analysis of genetic population structure in red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, based on mtDNA control region sequences. Fish Bull 98:127–138
Stepien CA (1995) Population genetic divergence and geographic patterns from DNA sequences: examples from marine and freshwater fishes. Am Fish Soc Symp 17:263–287
Waples RS (1998) Separating the wheat from the chaff: patterns of genetic differentiation in high gene flow species. J Hered 89:438–450CrossRef
Young AM, Torres C, Mack JE, Cunningham CW (2002) Morphological and genetic evidence for vicariance and refugium in Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico populations of the hermit crab Pagurus longicarpus
. Mar Biol 140:1059–1066CrossRef