Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 47–52

Vertebral Deformity in Chinese Men: Prevalence, Risk Factors, Bone Mineral Density, and Body Composition Measurements

  • E. M. C.  Lau
  • Y. H.  Chan
  • M.  Chan
  • J.  Woo
  • J.  Griffith
  • H. H. L.  Chan
  • P. C.  Leung

DOI: 10.1007/s002230050009

Cite this article as:
Lau, E., Chan, Y., Chan, M. et al. Calcif Tissue Int (2000) 66: 47. doi:10.1007/s002230050009

Abstract.

The prevalence and risk factors for vertebral deformity were studied in 396 community-dwelling Chinese men aged 70–79 years. Anterior to posterior (Ha/Hp), middle to posterior (Hm/Hp) and posterior to posterior (Hp/Hp − 1 or Hp/Hp + 1) ratios from T5 to L5 were derived from lateral spine X-ray films, using standardized digitization methods. Using values of 3 standard deviations (SD) or more below the mean and 4 SD or more below the mean as the cutoff, 16% and 7% of these men, respectively, were deemed to have one or more deformed vertebra. Heavy cigarette smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and working as a heavy manual worker were risk factors for vertebral deformity. Men with severe vertebral deformity (VHR < mean − 4 SD below mean) had much lower body weight, fat mass, and bone mineral density (BMD) than controls. The odds ratios for severe vertebral deformity was 9.9 (95% CI 2.1–45.7) in the lowest quartile of femoral neck BMD.

Key words: Vertebral deformity — Prevalence — Bone mineral density — Cigarette smoking — Alcohol consumption.

Copyright information

© 2000 Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. C.  Lau
    • 1
  • Y. H.  Chan
    • 1
  • M.  Chan
    • 1
  • J.  Woo
    • 2
  • J.  Griffith
    • 3
  • H. H. L.  Chan
    • 2
  • P. C.  Leung
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Community and Family Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Lek Yuen Heath Centre, Shatin, N.T., Hong KongHK
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong KongHK
  3. 3.Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong KongHK
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong KongHK