Bone Mass and Markers of Bone and Calcium Metabolism in Postmenopausal Women Treated with 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D (Calcitriol) for Four Years
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To evaluate the long-term effect of calcitriol treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) of the femoral neck and lumbar spine and the parameters of calcium and bone metabolism in elderly women, 55 healthy, postmenopausal women, all aged 66 years, were enrolled in the study. Eighteen started a 4-year supplementation with 0.5 μg of calcitriol daily and 37 served as controls. Calcium intake of all the subjects was adjusted to 800 mg daily. In 4 years femoral neck BMD increased by 3.0% in the calcitriol group, but decreased by 1.6% in the control group (P= 0.009). The respective changes in lumbar spine BMD were +2.3% and +0.9% (P= 0.067). Two years' treatment with calcitriol increased the intestinal absorption of strontium by 57% (P < 0.001), doubled the urinary excretion of calcium (P < 0.001), and decreased the mean parathyroid hormone (PTH) level by 32% (P < 0.01). In the calcitriol group the marker of bone formation, serum osteocalcin, decreased by 27% (P < 0.01), and the marker of bone resorption, serum C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx), by 33% (P= 0.05) after 2 years. In two subjects the calcitriol dose had to be reduced because of hypercalciuria. We conclude that calcitriol treatment increases bone mass at the femoral neck and lumbar spine, the increases being maintained for up to 4 years. The gain in bone mass results from reduced bone turnover which is partly a consequence of the enhanced intestinal absorption of calcium and suppressed serum PTH levels.
- Bone Mass and Markers of Bone and Calcium Metabolism in Postmenopausal Women Treated with 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D (Calcitriol) for Four Years
Calcified Tissue International
Volume 67, Issue 2 , pp 122-127
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- Key words: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D — Calcitriol — Bone mass — Bone markers — Osteoporosis.
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- Author Affiliations
- A1. Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, FIN-00290 Helsinki, Finland, FI
- A3. Minerva Foundation Institute for Medical Research, Helsinki, Finland, FI
- A4. United Laboratories, Helsinki, Finland, FI
- A2. Department of Radiology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, FI