, Volume 88, Issue 5, pp 432-441

In Vivo CT Quantification of Trabecular Bone Dynamics in Mice after Sciatic Neurectomy Using Monochromatic Synchrotron Radiation

We demonstrated the capability of in vivo synchrotron radiation CT (SRCT) in analyzing short-term changes in trabecular bone architecture (TBA) and the degree of bone mineralization (DBM) in small animals. Mice underwent unilateral sciatic neurectomy (SN) and sham operation on the contralateral side (SO) at 13 weeks of age. In vivo SRCT scans (11.7-μm cubic voxel) were made of both knees 7 and 17 days (group 1, n = 7) or only 17 days (group 2, n = 6) after surgery. In three mice in group 2, one knee was scanned twice on the same day in different orientations for reproducibility testing. Two scan data sets of the tibial proximal metaphysis acquired at different time points (group 1) or at the same time point (group 2) were registered for detecting differences in volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N), connectivity density (Conn.D), and mean DBM (mDBM). The reproducibility test showed small errors of <2.5% in the TBA indexes and <3.0% in mDBM, while mismatched bone regions amounted to >25%. In group 1, Tb.Th increased but Tb.N and Conn.D decreased in both SN and SO; BV/TV and mDBM increased only in SO; accordingly, BV/TV, Tb.Th, and mDBM became lower in SN than in SO. No significant interaction between SN and irradiation was found; the SN effects on TBA and DBM were similar between groups 1 and 2, although synchrotron irradiation led to higher Tb.Th and lower Tb.N in group 1. In conclusion, in vivo SRCT has potential use for detecting short-term bone dynamics of small animals.

The authors have stated that they have no conflict of interest.