Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 74, Issue 6, pp 516–521

Transforming Growth Factor-β1 Gene Polymorphisms and Bone Turnover, Bone Mineral Density and Fracture Risk in Southern Chinese Women

  • H. H. L. Lau
  • A. Y. Y. Ho
  • K. D. K. Luk
  • A. W. C. Kung
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00223-004-0163-4

Cite this article as:
Lau, H.H.L., Ho, A.Y.Y., Luk, K.D.K. et al. Calcif Tissue Int (2004) 74: 516. doi:10.1007/s00223-004-0163-4

Abstract

Genetic contributions play an important role in determining bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is abundant in bone and has been implicated as an important regulator of both bone formation and resorption. Several polymorphisms of the TGF-β1 gene have recently been suggested to be associated with BMD and susceptibility to osteoporotic spine fractures. To determine the relationship between TGF-β1 polymorphisms and BMD in southern Chinese women, three SNPs at C−1348-T, T29-C, and T861-20-C of TGF-β1 gene were analyzed in 237 postmenopausal southern Chinese women by RFLP and direct sequencing. BMD at the lumbar spine and hip region, biochemical markers of bone turnover, as well as serum levels of TGF-β1 were measured. Only the T29-C polymorphism of TGF-β1 gene was associated with BMD and fracture risk. The prevalence of fragility fractures was significantly higher in individuals with TC genotype (P < 0.05). Serum alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin levels as well as urinary N-telopeptide excretion were significantly higher in women with TC than with TT or CC genotypes, and the difference remained significant after adjusting for age and BMI (all P < 0.05). Women with TC genotype had lower BMD at the trochanteric (P < 0.03) and total hip region (P = 0.05). No difference was observed in the serum TGF-β1 levels among the three genotypes. In conclusion, an association between T29-C polymorphisms of TGF-β1 gene and BMD, bone turnover as well as fragility fractures were demonstrated in postmenopausal southern Chinese women.

Keywords

TGF-β1 Bone turnover Southern Chinese women 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. H. L. Lau
    • 1
  • A. Y. Y. Ho
    • 1
  • K. D. K. Luk
    • 2
  • A. W. C. Kung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineThe University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary HospitalHong KongPRC
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryThe University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary HospitalHong KongPRC

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