, Volume 71, Issue 5, pp 447-458

Multilineage Differentiation of Adult Human Bone Marrow Progenitor Cells Transduced with Human Papilloma Virus Type 16 E6/E7 Genes

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We have established a new adult human bone marrow-derived cell line hMPC 32F, stably transduced with human papilloma virus type 16 E6/E7 genes, that displays mesenchymal multilineage differentiation ability in vitro. The hMPC 32F cells exhibited a population doubling time of 22 h and have been maintained in culture for about 20 passages. When cultured in conditions promoting osteogenic, adipogenic, or chondrogenic differentiation, hMPC 32F cells expressed mature differentiated phenotypes. These include (1) osteoblastic phenotype characterized by upregulated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression and extracellular matrix mineralization, (2) adipocytic phenotype with the presence of intracellular lipid droplets, and (3) chondrocytic phenotype of round cells surrounded by a sulfated proteoglycan-rich matrix. In addition, the hMPC 32F cells expressed differentiation lineage-specific genes, as detected by RT-PCR. Furthermore, osteogenic and adipogenic cultures responded to regulatory factors such as transforming growth factor-b1 (TGF-b1) and 1a, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Thus, continuous treatment of osteogenic cultures for 2 weeks with TGF-b1 decreased ALP activity and mRNA expression and inhibited osteocalcin mRNA expression and matrix mineralization, whereas l,25(OH)2D3 had an additive, stimulatory effect. In adipogenic cultures, treatment with TGF-b1 for 2 weeks markedly inhibited adipogenesis whereas 1,25(OH)2D3 had no obvious effect. Finally, clonal analysis of hMPC 32F cells revealed a high percentage of multipotent clones, although clones of more restricted differentiation potential were also present. These characteristics of the hMPC 32F cell line suggest their pluripotent, progenitor, and nontransformed nature and indicate their potential application for studying the mechanisms governing developmental potential of adult human bone marrow mesenchymal progenitor cells.