, Volume 164, Issue 2, pp 399-453
Date: 01 Feb 2006

Fibration de Hitchin et endoscopie

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We propose a geometric interpretation of the theory of elliptic endoscopy, due to Langlands and Kottwitz, in terms of the Hitchin fibration. As applications, we prove a global analog of a purity conjecture, due to Goresky, Kottwitz and MacPherson. For unitary groups, this global purity statement has been used, in a joint work with G. Laumon, to prove the fundamental lemma over a local fields of equal characteristics.