Research Article

Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 231, Issue 1, pp 13-18

First online:

Attention to endogenous and exogenous cues affects auditory localization

  • Lindsay CollinsAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Wake Forest University
  • , James SchirilloAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Wake Forest University Email author 

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Three experiments examine attentional differences in auditory localization using either endogenous or exogenous visual cues. Participants were presented with visual cues on a computer screen and asked to localize auditory targets presented through headphones. In conditions in which the auditory and visual stimuli traveled in the same direction, participants showed illusory directional hearing (Hari in Neurosci Lett 189:29–30, 1995) in that the targets were perceived to travel through the head. In conditions in which the directions of the auditory and visual stimuli were conflicting, participants localized the auditory targets as traveling in the direction of the visual cues. These data suggest that visual capture plays a predominate role in the processes of auditory localization that occurs within the head. Additionally, endogenous response times were significantly greater than exogenous response times. We propose this is the result of additional time required to shift one’s attentional window in the endogenous condition.


Cross-modal localization Endogenous attention Exogenous attention