Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 225, Issue 2, pp 187–196

The impacts of coordinative exercise on executive function in kindergarten children: an ERP study

  • Yu-Kai Chang
  • Yu-Jung Tsai
  • Tai-Ting Chen
  • Tsung-Min Hung
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00221-012-3360-9

Cite this article as:
Chang, Y., Tsai, Y., Chen, T. et al. Exp Brain Res (2013) 225: 187. doi:10.1007/s00221-012-3360-9

Abstract

This study examined the behavioral and neuroelectrical impacts of a coordinative exercise intervention with different exercise intensities on executive function in kindergarten children. Participants underwent the Eriksen flanker test before and after an exercise program that involved 35-min sessions twice per week for 8 weeks, with either low or moderate intensity. Our findings revealed that exercise intervention, regardless of intensity, resulted in shorter reaction times and higher response accuracy in both congruent and incongruent trials, with incongruent trials receiving a larger benefit from exercise compared with congruent trials. Additionally, neuroelectrical activation demonstrated greater P3 amplitude and shorter P3 latency following exercise in both trials. These results suggest that coordinative exercise may specifically benefit prefrontal-dependent tasks in the immature brain state of kindergarten children by increasing the allocation of attentional resources and enhancing the efficiency of neurocognitive processing.

Keywords

Executive controlFitnessInhibitionP3Physical activity

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Kai Chang
    • 1
  • Yu-Jung Tsai
    • 2
  • Tai-Ting Chen
    • 2
  • Tsung-Min Hung
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching ScienceNational Taiwan Sport UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Physical EducationNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan